Why the inverter can not be equipped with leakage protector

- Jan 07, 2019-

Never use a leakage protector when using the frequency converter. This is a big principle used by the frequency converter.

Some customers choose the corresponding leakage protector for the inverter when using the inverter. The final result is that the inverter will move together and the leakage protector will operate and the system will not operate at all.


The principle of the leakage protector is that the zero sequence current is zero. When using a frequency converter, the zero sequence current cannot be zero.

The output side of the inverter is a PWM wave, and there is a capacitance effect of a long cable between the motor cable and the earth. When a cable with a shield layer is used, the capacitance effect is more obvious. When the inverter is working, the capacitor is charged and discharged, and a current flows through the capacitor into the earth, and flows back from the ground line on the incoming line to the inverter to form a current loop. If a leakage protector is used on the incoming side, it will act and shut down the system.

SO, don't equip your inverter with a leakage protector. If you want to be safe, do a good job of grounding the equipment.


Q: A 18.5KW boiler induced draft fan is equipped with a 18.5KW inverter. After the inverter is installed, the power distribution room will jump.

In the original power distribution room, a leakage protector (200mA action, 30mA pulse) was installed in each channel.

Require the customer to remove the leakage protection is rejected, then adjust the carrier frequency to 1KHz, and change the startup mode of the inverter still cannot be solved.

Finally, it is suspected that the power line of the motor has leakage. Because it has a length of about 20 meters and is buried in the ground, it is difficult to replace the customer (the original power frequency is normal).

Is there any simple and effective solution?

Answer: Because the leakage protector generally detects that the three-phase unbalance is above 20%, it will jump protection. When the inverter is installed, the three-phase unbalance will generally exceed %50.

Therefore, the leakage protector will definitely jump.

Here are a few ways:

Method 1: There is generally a regulator on the leakage protector, and the regulator can be turned up;

Method 2: Replace the leakage protector with a special leakage protector for the inverter. There are special leakage protectors for the inverter.

Method 3: Increase the equipment load, that is, the motor load, the leakage current will not be very large when the inverter starts.

Method 4: Shorten the leakage protector.

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